Location – The Guayana Region
The Guayana Region constitutes a true reservoir of natural life and riches. The southeast of the country presents us with its varied relief, which ranges from the ancient elevations of the Guayana Massif to the high plains of Núria and the Gran Sabana and valleys of the Caura and Erebato Rivers. In this region of great contrasts, the low fertility of the soil is not an obstacle for the exuberance of the vegetation. An efficient strategy of recycling of nutrients explains the marvelous scenic and biology of its forests. But, at the same time, it establishes a delicate equilibrium, where the utilization of the soil in other productive forms is inappropriate.
Its national parks and natural monuments shelter one of the most spectacular natural landscapes of the planet: the tepuis, mesas of sandstone and quartzite that float like islands in a green sea of forests and savannas. Indigenous names such as Auyán, Roraima, Kukenán, and Chimantá identify these masses of rock where the winds dwell and clouds rest as they pass through Guayana.
Canaima National Park
A UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location: Bolívar state
Surface area: 3,000,000 hectares (7.4 million acres)
Declaratory: June 12, 1962 (Decree Nº 770)
Protected ecosystems and important natural attractions: evergreen forests, evergreen thickets, grass-covered savannas with outcroppings of Mauritia palm, complexes of savanna and sub-tepuyan grasslands, savannas with bushes, high-tepuyan vegetation. The Gran Sabana, tepuis, Angel Falls (Salto Angel), patrimony of humanity.